hard

hard, hardly
1. The normal adverb from hard is hard, as in They are working hard and Don't hit it so hard. Hardly has a special use, meaning ‘scarcely’ (as in We hardly know them) and ‘only with difficulty’ (as in She could hardly speak).
2. hardly…whenand hardlythan
The standard construction is hardlywhen…:

• Hardly had the two children been freed when they [sc. a rescue team] were on the spot, having covered the ground in a snow-tractor —Country Life, 1971.

The construction with than, though increasingly common and perhaps suggested by the analogy of no soonerthan…, is non-standard:

• ☒ Hardly had the chalky jet stream dissipated above the horizon than it was time for another jetaway get-away to points west —American Square Dance, 1991.

3. can't hardly.
Since hardly already has a negative or restricting force, use of another negative (as in I can't hardly believe it) is incorrect:

• ☒ Mom just loaded us with fried chicken and I can't hardly walk —New Yorker, 1988

• ☒ No, Swedon can't write anything. He can't hardly write his own pawn-tickets —Penelope Fitzgerald, 1990.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hard — hard …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Hard-Fi — at the 2006 Hurricane Festival in Germany Background information Origin Staines, Surrey, England …   Wikipedia

  • Hard — (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. {Harder} ( [ e]r); superl. {Hardest}.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan. haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty s strong, ka rtos, kra tos, strength …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard — Hard …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hard — [härd] adj. [ME < OE heard, akin to Ger hart < IE base * kar , hard > Gr karyon, nut, kratos, strength] 1. not easily dented, pierced, cut, or crushed; resistant to pressure; firm and unyielding to the touch; rigid; solid and compact 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Hard — Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard by — Hard Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard up — Hard Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly. [1913 Webster] And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden. [1913 Webster] My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hard FM — Origines stylistiques Glam metal Hard rock Heavy metal Origines culturelles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hard — ► ADJECTIVE 1) solid, firm, and rigid; not easily broken, bent, or pierced. 2) requiring or demonstrating a great deal of endurance or effort; difficult. 3) (of a person) not showing any signs of weakness; tough. 4) (of information or a subject… …   English terms dictionary

  • Hard fi — beim Hurricane Festival auf der Greenstage Gründung 2002 Genre Alternative Rock, Independent …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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